In 1972 the book ‘Limits to Growth’ (Meadows et al) was released outlining two major findings. Firstly, there was a growing disparity between the worlds populations and that the need for a redistribution of wealth would be required to even the playing field. Secondly, that the economic system could not expand indefinitely and expect resources to be infinitely available. Nearly 40 years on increased social inequities and devastated landscapes force people to take leaky boat trips across the Indian Ocean (and others) in search of refuge. There exists in all of us an innate will to survive, unfortunately, we do this at the detriment of others and consequently ourselves in relation to our environment and the consumption of it.
Meanwhile corporations are loving it because to them it means growth, without it they crumble.
I know this must be blatantly obvious or naive, but are not our current population levels a direct result of our ability to adapt ourselves to our environment and more so manipulate our environment to suit ourselves. As probably most of us are aware the ecosystem upon which we now tread so heavily is fighting back.
Having said all this I don’t know that population control through political avenues works, it doesn’t seem to have done much in China. I do think the best case scenario for achieving healthy and self sufficient populations all over the world is to plant food anywhere and everywhere. Abundance in ecosystems is achieved through diversity. Perhaps diverse political agenda might focus on introducing abundance across all areas of its control. This of course is how Permaculture principles work. People Care, Land Care and Fair Share.
The factors which have enabled us to evolve to this level as a species can also find the answers. I agree that overpopulation is a threat to our survival as a species in current circumstances. I believe earth can sustain more of us but not at the levels we extort natural resources from our planet. A couple of proactive examples that might help sustain populations and see them self sufficient follow. The Permaculture Aid Course run by Geoff Lawton at The Permaculture Research Institute of Australia (which I noticed there is a link available on the Pachacuti website). Also a very interesting article is ‘Fifty Million Farmers’ by Richard Heinberg at www.energybulletin.net/node/22584
It seems to me that political and corporate powers are focused on tipping the scales in their favour and increasing disparity and therefore we are unlikely to see a truly spiritual and compassionate resolve for population control or sensible use of natural resources. That is of course unless the majority of us vote with our feet and opt not to support the corporations but to build self sufficient lifestyles based on passive footprint. An extremely difficult task for most even if we wanted to. But I also can’t help think, Nature has always taken care of itself.